Inspecting Surgical Instruments
A comprehensive textbook
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Sterilization of Surgical Instruments

All surgical instruments must be sterilized prior to surgery to prevent infection. But even sterilization can leave contaminants behind if not properly cleaned. Sterilize instruments with the ratchets open. This allows for better steam penetration. Plus, it prevents the box locks (hinge area) from cracking. If using a pan or tray, we recommend one with perforations. This will also enable better steam penetration and aids in more effective drying as well. For efficiency, place heavy instruments at the bottom and lighter, more delicate instruments on top. If sterilizing in paper or plastic pouches, do not stack pouches on top of one another during sterilization. When possible, pouches should be sterilized on their side, leaning against a pack or sterilizer chamber wall.

 

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